One of our mates, Iñigo Aretxabala, was really concerned about the disparation of the bees and the consequences of this lack. During the last years, the population of these insects is decreasing so fast that pollination is in real problems.
Therefore, we decided to develop this project, whose aim has been to raise awareness within the population. We have been working with our city council, and in the following months we are going to give some speechs, and build some hotels for insects in our town.
Up to 90% of bees worldwide have disappeared according to recent research. The main reasons are massive deforestation, shortage of safe places to nest, lack of flowers, uncontrolled pesticide use and soil change.
Moreover, bees are the only living organism that is not a carrier of any type of pathogen, except fungi, viruses or bacteria.
70% of the world’s agriculture depends on these insects, to put it more clearly and more directly, we can say that 70 of the 100 foods are available to bees.
WHY ARE BEES DISAPPEARING?
Continuous spillage: People want honey bees, and for that purpose they destroy the bee hives to get honey.
Massive deforestation: Cities are expanding, and many cities are in need of resources to grow, one of those resources being timber. To get the wood you need to cut down the trees and also the beehive.
Shortage of safe places: Humans need wood and there are bees in the trees. The bees move to another place, but humans build more and more, and the bees do not move to another place.
Lack of space: Cities and towns are growing larger, with fewer and fewer flowers in the world: cities, roads, etc. They occupy a lot of space and take away space for the plants.
WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IF BEES DISAPPEARED?
Bees are the driving force in the world, so the pollination process develops, allowing plants to grow, the main protagonists of the food chain. Therefore, in case of extinction, the consequences would be very simple and serious: the flora and fauna would disappear, and so would we.
The consequences of the disappearance of bees would be:
The disappearance of the ecological balance: the bees carry out pollination and this process, in addition to the appearance of plants, creates food for herbivorous animals. Therefore, if they disappeared, the entire food chain would be on the edge. In addition, plants are needed to clean the air and generate oxygen. So, the fewer plants there are, the worse the Earth’s air quality will be.
Loss of biodiversity: as we have already mentioned, without pollination, without noology, many plants will disappear, and this will bring less biodiversity on the planet. According to FAO surveys (National Association Adelladelation), each year we lose 10% of biodiversity. 90% of plants depend on pollination. Moreover,plants have a direct relationship with a pollinating insect, i.e. pollination can only occur with a particular species of bees. Bees, in fact, are in the extinction strip both in number of population and in number of species.
Loss of food diversity: our diet is very varied to pollinating insects. There are 264 crop species and 4,000 plant species in Europe, 84% of which depend on pollination. Some species, such as apples or peaches, pollinating insects, and without them manual pollination make them a luxury product, a very slow and therefore expensive process.
More expensive agriculture: the work of pollinating insects saves 265 billion euros annually to agriculture in the world, 22 billion in Europe and 2.4 billion in Spain. Bees are therefore essential for agriculture, if not, the viability of the sector would be ready.
Disappearance of honey: honey is the only sweetener that some societies have. Therefore, if they disappeared or become too expensive, their diet would be affected. Similarly, the production of honey is the only work and income of many families, so its disappearance will also bring us economic problems.
What can we do? Solutions